Hydrocarbons that are substituted with groups other than the alkyl groups are named in the same way. Other groups that are often substituted are the halogens (bromo-, chloro-, iodo-) as well as nitro (-NO2) and amine (-NH2).
The following table contains a summary of functional groups that substitute in hydrocarbons:
|A carboxylic acid|
Test your recall of these hydrocarbon substitutions by taking the Interactive Quiz on Functional Groups
Other modules in this series: